The Origin Of Textile

- Mar 12, 2019-

Textile is a handicraft industry that serves human beings. Spinning and weaving, making clothes, covering the ugliness, protecting the wind from the wind, and protecting the insects are important motivations for the development of textile origin.

According to archaeological data, the custom of Chinese textile production has been germinated in the late Paleolithic period. The cavemen of Beijing, about 20,000 years ago, have learned to use bone needles to sew shackles and leather clothes. Although this original sewing technique is not strictly textile, it can be said to be the original textile. The birth of true textile technology and customs was popular during the Neolithic culture.

The Hemudu Site in Yuyao, Zhejiang Province, is nearly 7,000 years old this year. Four traces of silkworms were found on the unearthed eagle owls, and the double strands of ramie were found and the wooden spinning and spinning machine parts were unearthed. The site of Caoxieshan in Wu County, Jiangsu Province, about 6,000 years ago. It is found that the earliest Ge fiber textiles have been made from simple leno weaves, and the warp yarns are synthesized with double yarns.

In 1926, the artificially split "silk-like, half-clam shell" was found in the Yangshao Cultural Site of Xiyin Village, Xia County, Shanxi Province. This is the earliest silkworm cocoon, dating back more than 5,000 years.

The Qingtai site in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, is about 5,500 years old. It was found that the ramie, the big linen pattern and the silk crepe residue adhered to the red pottery tablets and the skull bones, together with more than ten red pottery spinning wheels. Among them, silk shards are the earliest silk fabrics.

Hebei Yangding South Yangzhuang Yangshao Cultural Relics, 5400 years ago, unearthed in 1980, two pieces of pottery-plastic silkworm cocoons, this is the earliest pottery-plastic cocoon.

The site of Qianshan Temple in Wuxing, Zhejiang Province, dating back 4,700 years. In addition to discovering a number of hemp textile technologies, the ribbons, silk ropes and silk crepe fragments were found in addition to the advanced burlap tablets of Caoshanshan Gebu. From the perspective of density, twisting and twisting of silk weaving, Qianshan's silk weaving technology such as silk, ply, and twisting has reached a considerable level.

The silk weaving of the Shang Dynasty has been fully reflected in the oracle bone records unearthed from the Yin Ruins. Oracle has seen the words mulberry, silkworm, silk, mulberry characters such as the saplings, and the Shang Dynasty has planted mulberry trees. This is no doubt. Due to its wider and more popular nature, the linen of the Shang Dynasty is not inferior to silk weaving.

The woolen weaving of the Shang Dynasty was mainly found in the site of the Wubao Wubao Site in Xinjiang. The wool fabrics unearthed at the site were flat and oblique, and weaved into colored stripes with colored threads, indicating that the woolen weaving technology has reached a certain level.

A blue-gray cotton cloth was unearthed in the burial of Wuyishan ship in Chong'an, Fujian Province. It was identified as a nuclear kapok. The age of Wuyishan ship burial is almost the same as that of the above-mentioned Xinjiang Hami Wubao. Therefore, the technology and customs of kapok textile are known from this, and it has also occurred in the late Shang Dynasty.

The textiles of the Western Zhou Dynasty basically inherited the traditions of silk, hemp, and woven since the Neolithic Age, and inherited the custom of woolen weaving in the Shang Dynasty.